1868 The Fourteenth Amendment was ratified.
1914 The First World War began when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. (See June 28th entry.)
1945 A U. S. Bomber crashed into Empire State Building.
1958 Terry Fox was born.
Today marks the anniversary of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U. S. Constitution. This is the amendment that guarantees due process of law to all citizens. Announced on this date in 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment was enacted after the Civil War to extend the federal guarantee of due process to govern state as well as federal matters. It was an extension of Constitutional supremacy; and a forerunner of the further protection of civil rights. It took another century to move from this amendment to the civil rights legislation of the 1960s, but it was an historic step.
On this day in 1945, the Second World War was coming toward its end. But at home, a U. S. bomber crashed into the Empire State Building in New York City. The building stood firm. The bomber was destroyed. It was Saturday, so only thirteen people were killed on the ground. Designers had been improving airplanes and skyscrapers for years, but nobody ever imagined that one would crash into the other.
Terry Fox was born on this date in 1958. The story of this remarkable Canadian’s life was all too short, but his courage serves as eternal inspiration for us all. When Terry was nineteen years old, he started a marathon run at the “Mile 0” marker of the Trans - Canada Highway in Victoria, British Columbia. His goal was to ran the full length of the highway to Prince Edward Island on the east coast to raise the nation’s and the world’s awareness of cancer. This would have been a monumental task for any runner.
But Terry Fox wasn’t just another marathon runner. Fox himself had fallen to the disease; and the disease eventually cut short his heroic Run Against Cancer and his life. His run was cut short in Thunder Bay, Ontario, when the cancer spread to his lungs.