1157 King Richard the Lion-Hearted was born. (See April 17th entry.)
1565 The first permanent European settlement in North America was established.
1921 Margaret Gorman was crowned Miss America. (See September 17 entry.)
1990 The Ellis Island National Historical Site opened.
This is King Richard the Lion-Hearted’s birthday. born in Oxford, England in 1157, Richard spent most of his life outside of his kingdom, and didn’t quite have a glittering historical record to match his reputation. Maybe some of his fame rested on his fondness for troubadours and his own talent for writing lyrics. Maybe the troubadours that spread his legend considered him to be one of their own. Possibly the moral of this story is that if you write your own legend maybe history will be good to you.
Pulling up roots and laying new foundations in strange territory takes a lot of courage. Fear of the unknown stops a lot of us from taking steps that could change our lives for
The better. It was on this day that the first permanent European settlement in North America was established at St. Augustine, Florida in 1565. Spanish explorers had been landing in the New World for over five decades before this momentous event. But this day marked the first time settlers came to build homes in this unknown land.
After decades of renovation and refurbishment, Ellis Island reopened its ornate doors as a historical site on this day in 1990. For millions of European immigrants, Ellis Island had been their gateway to America. But on this particular day, the E-shaped island which had been built primarily on landfill in New York Harbor suddenly became the prize in a political tug-of-war between New York and New Jersey. Each state claimed it and the accompanying tourism revenues. In 1998, the courts finally sided with New Jersey.